Chicken Foot Soup チキンフット(鶏の足)スープ

The Jamaica Blue and John Crow Mountains was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site back in 2015 (https://en.unesco.org/galleries/whc-2015-blue-and-john-crow-mountains-jamaica-0; https://www.worldheritagesite.org/list/Blue+and+John+Crow+Mountains; https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1356/documents/; https://whc.unesco.org/document/137870). This designation was a crowning tribute to the 2008 UNESCO designation of the music of the Moore Town (formerly Nanny Town) Maroons as a World Intangible Cultural Heritage. Steeped in independent and indeed emancipated Jamaica are the contributions of the fierce and often feisty Maroons of Ashanti (present day Ghana) royal descent and the Tainos.

These people led the early resistance to enslavement and made the hilly hinterlands their home and fort to defend against the unrelenting British troops who tried unsuccessfully to re-enslave them. After repeated losses on the battlefield with the Maroon who were adept at guerrilla warfare and the art of camouflage and concealment, the British begrudgingly acquiesced and gave the Maroons full autonomy over their own people in exchange for saving their own lives and plantations. The last group of Maroons to have signed the peace treaty were the Windward Maroons of which Chieftain Nanny was the leader and perhaps not only the fiercest but the most astute Maroon generals the British had battled. Chieftain or Queen Nanny is Jamaica’s only female national hero (Origins of the Jamaican Maroons).  

It is believed that the abeng – a horn made from the hallowed horn of the cow – was instrumental in confusing the advancing British troops. The Maroons had a special way of blowing the horn in one location but would be heard by the British troops as coming from a completely different direction. This formed one of their primary tools of diverting the British troops away from their villages and onto the Maroons’ preferred place of battle. The Maroon war which spanned decades, particularly the first of the two Maroon wars, was instrumental in Jamaica gifting the world with “jerk pork, chicken and sausages”.

A place which has preserved this tradition through the years and helped to popularise the jerk culture not only throughout Jamaica from coast to coast in the 1970s and 80s but to every nook and cranny the world over is Boston Bay near Port Antonio. Today, whether you are in the USA, the UK, Europe, Africa, Australia, South America, Asia or Japan there are both Jamaican and non-Jamaican operated jerk restaurants.

The Maroons developed a uniquely special way of cooking and preserving succulently delicious whole pigs and wild boars (the predominantly eaten meat at the time) in underground jerk pits. This cooking method was developed both as a way of reducing the weight of the freshly killed animal, curing the meat for it the last days if not weeks because refrigeration was non-existent back then, making the meat very tender and bursting with a potpourri of herbs and spices which the pimento berries, leaf and wood provided, and to bury the smoke and smell of their cooking. This last point was most critical in helping to hide them from the British troops. Smoke was a dead giveaway to one’s hiding spot. The Maroons had to make sure smoke would never betray their hiding position. This cooking method gave birth to the renowned Jamaican Jerk cuisine which is enjoyed the world over.


これらの人々は奴隷化への抵抗を率いて、丘陵地の内陸部を砦とし、再奴隷化を試みた容赦ないイギリス軍から身を守るためのものでした。ゲリラ戦とカモフラージュの技術に長けていたマルーンとの戦場で何度も敗北を喫した後、イギリス人たちは自分たちの命と農園を守ることと引き換えに、マルーンに民族に対する完全な自治権を与えました。和平条約に署名した最後のマルーンのグループはウィンドワード・マルーンであり、その中でもナニーはリーダーであり、おそらくイギリスが戦った中で最も激しいだけでなく、最も鋭いマルーンの将軍でもありました。酋長またはクイーン・ナニーはジャマイカの唯一の女性国民的英雄です(Origins of the Jamaican Maroons)。




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